As a reference you may wish to open up a new window to view the circuit while checking the list.
RESISTANCES (all 1/4 W ) ¤ R1 10 meg 1% ( or measured ) ¤ R2 1 meg 1% . . ¤ R3 100K 1% . . ¤ R4 1K 1% . . ¤ R5 R6 10K to 47K (see text ) 10% ¤ R7 to R13 390 ohms 10% ¤ R14 to R16 1K 10% ¤ RV1 to RV3 7K ( total resistance , see text ) CAPACITORS ¤ C1 .001 uF 5% ¤ C2 .01 uF 5% ¤ C3 .1 uF 5% ¤ C4 1.uF Tantalum ¤ C5,C6,C7 .001 uF Polyester Filter capacitors .1 Poly. ( ICs by-pass ) Filter Capacitor 200 uF/15V (supply )
This project may be not suitable for the beginners as a certain amount of experience is required to achieve a good operating system , nevertheless the following construction suggestions should help everyone in preventing unwanted problems .
Unless you never make mistakes use sockets for all the ICs.
Keep all leads especially capacitor leads as short a physically possible.
Do not use ceramic capacitors as they are temperature sensitive and will be unstable and produce noise.
Best operating voltage is between 9 volts and 12 volts. Operation down to 6 volts is possible but with loss of sensitivity in the picofarad range. Display current limiting resistors values R7 to R13 will need to be adjusted to control brightness level below 10mA per segment . I used a 14 pins IC socket for R7 to R13 for quick adjustments . No need to mess up the PC board .
If and external power supply is used AC or DC install a regulator as well as a large filtering capacitor (200 uF) for stability.
If you decide to use a battery pack as your source of supply consider using a normally open push button switch in the supply line to prolong batteries life.
The rotary switch must be installed as close as possible to the capacitors , excessive long leads will result in a noisy system and unstable display.
The following will produce noise ; bad capacitors , poor wiring, cold solder , twisted wiring , bad connections , noisy supply lines , dirty switch contacts .
Introduction Construction-1 construction-2 construction-3 Calibration