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The Guiding Principles of Constructivism

  • posing problems of emerging relevance to students
    .
  • structuring learning around primary concepts - the quest for essence
  • seeking and valuing students' points of view
    .
  • adapting curriculum to address students' suppositions
    .
  • assessing student learning in the context of teaching
       

In Search of Understanding: The Case for Constructivist Classrooms
by Martin and Jacqueline Brooks' 1993
An ASCD publication (ISBN: 0871202115


The constructivist view of education advocates that teachers should:

  • use cognitive terminology such as "classify," "analyze," "predict," and "create."
    .
  • encourage and accept student autonomy and initiative.
    .
  • use raw data and primary sources, along with manipulative, interactive, and physical materials.
    .
  • allow student responses to drive lessons, shift instructional strategies, and alter content.
    .
  • inquire about students' understanding of concepts before sharing their own understanding of those concepts.
    .
  • encourage students to engage in dialogue, both with the teacher and with one another.
    .
  • encourage student inquiry by asking thoughtful, open-ended questions and encouraging students to ask questions of each other.
    .. 
  • seek elaboration of students' initial responses.
    .
  • engage students in experiences that might engender contradictions to their initial hypotheses and then encourage discussion.
    .
  • allow wait time after posing questions.
    .
  • provide time for students to construct relationships and create metaphors.
    .
  • nurture students' natural curiosity through  frequent use of the learning cycle model.

Grazing the Net:Raising a Generation of Free Range Students  
quoted by Jamie McKenzie from 
In Search of Understanding:
 
The Case for Constructivist Classrooms
by Martin and Jacqueline Brooks' 1993
An ASCD publication (ISBN: 0871202115

 

Constructivist Links


 

P Theroux, Teacher,
 Alberta, Canada

Updated 11/16/2011

ptheoux@shaw.ca 

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These web pages were assembled for teachers.  There are well over 100 pages on this site and all have a similar format. All pages that vary in appearance from  this page are linking off site to the work of others.

Every effort is made to validate the educational substance of these sites.  Please remember that the dynamic nature of the Internet requires each of us to use caution when presenting web sites to students.