Randall Williams



Randall Williams - 'King of Showmen'


Showman, Illusionist, Ghost Show, and Cinematograph Exhibition


- UPDATED -


Randall Kay Williams (July 17, 1846 - November 11, 1898) was a British showman remembered for his Pepper's ghost illusion show and an early cinematograph exhibition. He was also an outspoken activist for the travelling show community and a founding member of the Van Dwellers Protection Association, the same organization known today as The Showmen's Guild of Great Britain. He is also noted for introducing several new innovations to the Victorian fairground.

Randall was well-known throughout Britain, first for his Great Ghost Show, and then for his Cinematograph and Animated Pictures exhibition. He reached the height of his career in 1897 when he was invited by the famous showman-entrepreneur, Imre Kiralfy, to exhibit his show in London at the Victorian Era Exhibition as part of the celebration of Queen Victoria's sixty-year reign. Randall's show was specifically designed that year to pay homage to the Queen and his program included an "original Pepper's Ghost" performance, a tableaux vivante presentation, and a series of films taken on the 22nd of June of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Procession. Randall's Victorian Era show was patronized by members of the royal family and was such a huge success that by the end of the summer, he had become known as 'The King of Showmen.'

During his career, Randall travelled extensively throughout England, Scotland and Wales and exhibited at all the major fairs, including Hull Fair, Nottingham Goose Fair, Birmingham Onion Fair, and the World's Fair in London.

Contents

Family and Early Life

Randall was born in Liverpool in 1846 and came from an extended family of Victorian-era showmen with roots in Warrington. The first generation  of Williams travellers were the sons and daughter of Nancy and Robert Williams and included Robert, John, Thomas (Randall’s father), Moses, Henry and Martha. The family began travelling in the mid 1840s and their various amusements over the years included mechanical exhibitions, photography booths, fine art exhibitions, ghost illusion shows, waxwork exhibits, and cinematograph exhibitions. (See The Williams Family Showmen)

Randall's childhood was spent travelling with his family around the various fairs, feasts and wakes in Lancashire, Cheshire and North Wales. His career as a showmen began with a small stage show when he was in his early twenties. He had a particular interest in optical illusions and one of his earliest shows featured a "living head" based on Stodare's Sphinx, an illusionary trick first performed at the Egyptian Hall in London in the 1860s. Randall's interest in illusions led to him starting a "Ghost Show" in 1872, a move that would set him on a course to becoming one of Victorian Britain's most notable showmen.


Ghost Illusion Show

The type of show that Randall is most commonly associated with is a ghost illusion show, a type of stage show that combined theatrical representations with the optical effect known as Pepper's ghost. His show was part ghost illusion theatre, part variety show, and what made it so popular with the public, was its witty, lighthearted, and socially-current content. Much of Randall's success came from keeping his show fresh and on trend. The artists he employed included actors, song and dance teams, magicians, ballet dancers, and comedians like the Great Little Titch. He also hired international acts such as The Brothers LaFayette (American tight rope walkers) and Professor Howard (an American illusionist). (See Exhibits) Another key attraction was Randall himself. It was said that his public appeal was so great, that when he stood at the front of his show prior to opening, he was like a giant magnet; and that by simply adjusting the tone of his voice, he could attract huge crowds of people and move them en masse towards the pay-box.

Ghost illusions were the mainstay of Randall's show for a quarter of a century. His 'ghosts' made their last appearance at Nottingham Goose Fair the first week of October, 1897. One week later at Hull Fair, they had been replaced entirely by films.

Ghost Show Names

The Great Hobgoblinscope (1872 - 1885): first noted at Barnsley Market Place, Yorkshire in December, 1872. The 'Hobgoblinscope' was the opening act of the newly-built Pembroke Hall in Liverpool in December, 1874.
The Great Ghost Show (1881 - 1895): first noted at Peterhead, Scotland in late September, 1881
Randall Williams Grand Palace of Entertainment (1878): noted at Birmingham Onion Fair in September, 1878
The Electroscope (May 1895 - May 1897): first noted at Boston May Fair in May, 1895
Randall Williams' Original Pepper's Ghost (May 1897 - October 1897): the name of the show at the Victorian Era Exhibition in the summer of 1897
Randall Williams No. 2 Show: first noted in 1895. Its main attraction the first two years was the American illusionist, Professor Howard. The show was converted to film exhibition in 1897 and toured under the name Randall Williams Living Pictures. The show was managed by Randall's nephew, Reuben Williams, and travelled mainly the Lancashire and Yorkshire circuit.

Note: One tribute to Randall's popularity and oratory skills was that he was unanimously elected as chairman and master of ceremony for the Showmen's Annual Supper and Ball, held each year at the end of the World's Fair, every year from 1895 until his death.


Early Film Exhibition

The cinema began in Britain on February 20, 1896, the day that Felicien Trewey presented the Cinematographe Lumiere at the London Royal Polytechnic. The Polytechnic had a long history of introducing the latest optical novelties to the public (magic lantern shows, Pepper’s Ghost, etc.) and Trewey's film exhibition in February 1896 was the first time that 'living pictures' were shown in Britain solely for the purpose of entertaining an audience. Just two weeks later, moving pictures made their debut on the London theatrical scene when the Cinematographe Lumiere was featured as part of the program at the Empire Theatre of Varieties in Leicester Square.

In the months following the Polytechnic, a few enterprising theatre and music hall proprietors promoted the cinematograph as a new form of entertainment, but for the most part it remained the domain of that class of exhibitor who demonstrated at science and trade fairs. It was not until travelling show proprietors saw the potential in adding films to their own shows that the cinema in Britain really began. It was the showmen who introduced the new medium to the wider general public in their fairground shows and their early involvement was a leading factor in the rapid spread of the cinema in Britain at the end of the 19th Century.

Randall Williams is often credited as being the first showman to exhibit films on the fairgrounds, but that distinction probably belongs to rival showman, Tom Norman (a good friend of Randall's), who opened with a Ghost and Cinematograph Exhibition on Deptford Fairground in July 1896. Randall may not have been the first showman to exhibit films, but he was the first to make a success of it and, his show was so popular with the fairgoing public, that once he started with films, it began a new trend on the fairgrounds. The first reference to Randall's "cinematographe" exhibition was at Rotherham Statute Fair on November 2, 1896. The following month, he was the first showman to exhibit films at the London World’s Fair, where his opening show featured two short films lasting ten minutes (Queen of the Antipodes and a Fisheries Exhibition). Two weeks later he was advertising that he had "Fifty of the latest Animated Pictures" to chose from. His next stop after the World's Fair was King's Lynn Mart in February 1897, where it was reported that the "Randall Williams’ Cinematographe Pavilion did immense business." Randall continued to exhibit films until his death in November 1898.

The Randall Williams Cinematograph Show

In the early years of the cinema, moving picture shows were referred to by a variety of terms, including cinematograph exhibitions, living pictures, animated pictures, animated photographs, and bioscope shows. Randall's was one of the earliest shows, so his advertising reflects how early exhibitors peddled the new "novelty" of moving pictures to the public:

Rotherham, November, 1896: Randall Williams' No. 1 show with the Cinematograph
Boston May Fair, 1897: Randall Williams' Electric Animated Photographs; The Only real Electric Cinematograph or moving pictures
Summer, 1897: Randall Williams' Living Pictures; Williams’s cinematograph theatre (the No. 2 show)
Nottingham Goose Fair, 1897: Randall Williams' Cinematographe or Animated Photographs
Hull Fair, 1897:  Randall Williams Famous Bioscope or Animated Photographs: "More clear, distinct, and without the flicker of the Cinematograph
Hull Fair, 1898: Randall Williams’ New Improved American Bioscope

The Randall Williams Cinematograph show, started by Randall in 1896, was carried on successfully after his death by his daughter, Carrie, and her husband, Dick Monte, until 1913. The show was a central gathering place for showmen’s meetings and official visits, both in Randall's time and in Dick and Carrie's time. For example, on Fair Sunday at Hull Fair in 1907, the Mayor and Mayoress and city councilors and aldermen paid an official visit to the show; the Rev. Thomas Horne gave a sermon at the front of the show (under the banner "The Showmen's Cathedral"); the Sons of Temperance Prize Band performed a program of sacred music at the steps of the show; and the Annual Meeting of the Showmen’s Guild (officiated by the Mayor) was held in the show's interior in the evening. 

Notes:

Contrary to popular belief, Randall did not convert his show over entirely to film exhibition in 1896. Like many of his contemporaries, he travelled a 'combined show' (e.g. a ghost illusion exhibition with films added as a short secondary feature) for the better part of another year (from October 1896 until October 1897).

It appears that Tom Norman's cinematograph exhibition in July 1896 may have been a one-off as there were no further references to it in The Era or other contemporary newspapers. It is interesting to note, however, that just weeks after his July exhibition, he posted a note in The Era requesting that Randall Williams send his address to him immediately at the Show Grounds, Deptford. (Era, 15 Aug 1896)


Haydon & Urry, Ltd.

Randall’s films of Queen Victoria's Jubilee Procession (filmed June 22, 1897) were his main draw in 1897, but he introduced a new film at the World’s Fair that December which was of particular interest to London audiences - the funeral procession of William Terriss. Terriss was a popular actor murdered by a jealous rival outside the Adelphi Theatre on December 16, 1897. His funeral procession to Brompton Cemetery on December 21 was filmed exclusively by Haydon & Urry, Ltd., the London firm best known for supplying films and cinematograph projectors to many of the earliest travelling film show exhibitors. There is no known source identifying the supplier of Randall's first projector (late 1896), but there is plenty of anecdotal evidence that suggests that in early 1897 he began using one provided by Haydon & Urry (See Haydon & Urry).

Randall’s association with Haydon & Urry was an important element in his success as a film exhibitor. The company had a history of supplying the amusement trade with various mechanical devices and, in late 1896, at the same time that Randall was reportedly having problems with his 'Electroscope' (his first projector) at the World’s Fair, they were in the process of developing their own cinematograph. The company had just moved their offices and showroom to 353 Upper Street, Islington, locating them directly across the street from the Royal Agricultural Hall where Randall was exhibiting. Randall was already associated with at least one member of the firm having met James Monte (an employee) in late 1895, when James was acting as assistant secretary for the showmen’s annual supper (Era, 12 Jan 1895). By early 1897, Haydon & Urry were ready to start marketing their new cinematograph and they invited several showmen to attend a private demonstration of the machine. Randall was among those invited and he apparently left the viewing with a complete outfit from the firm as well as a supply of films (Merry-Go-Round, Vol. IX, No. 6, Oct, 1956, pp 93-94).

Getting Randall on board with their new cinematograph was no doubt  a major coup for Haydon & Urry. They applied for a patent (no. 3572) for their apparatus on February 10, 1897 - just as the World's Fair was coming to a close - and just five days prior to Randall opening the fairground season at King Lynn's. The projector used by Randall at King's Lynn would have been the firm's earliest model, and it would have been the same model he used throughout the summer at the Victorian Era Exhibition - leading Haydon & Urry to claim in their advertising that their projector had been "used with unqualified success at the Victorian Era Exhibition all Last Season." (Era, 25 Feb 1898)


Showman Lessee

By the latter half of the nineteenth century, the commercial aspect of many fairs had passed from merchants and traders to the proprietors of amusements and funfairs. As a result, many of the established fairs were convened under the auspices of a 'showman lessee,' an amusement caterer who leased the grounds from the municipal corporation. The lessee was responsible for organizing the layout of the fair, sub-letting grounds and allotments to other showmen, and generally maintaining good order. As time went on, 'standing rights' for prime allotments became established and were often passed down in families from one generation to the next. Randall acted as lessee of several fun fairs including: Aston, Birmingham (1875-77); Pomona Palace and Grounds, Manchester (1877); Aberdeen (1880); Bingley Hall Christmas Fair, Birmingham (1886-87); and Stockport (1888).

Innovations

Randall liked to keep one step ahead of his rivals and was quick to make use of the latest technological innovations. Many of the upgrades and improvements he made to his own show were adopted by other show proprietors and helped lay the groundwork for the modernization of the fairground industry at the end of the 19th Century.

Transport by rail

Randall was reportedly one of the first showmen to transport his show exclusively by rail. His main stomping grounds in the early 1870s were the fairs in Liverpool, Rotherham, Bradford and Hull - all locations a short travel distance from his home base in Manchester. However, once he customized his vans for railway transport (c.1873), he travelled further afield and began attending such venues as the Onion Fair in Birmingham, Glasgow Fair in Scotland, and the World's Fair in London.

Electric Lighting

Randall is credited as being the first showman to use electricity on the fairgrounds. The first reference to electricity in his advertising was at a fair he organized in Aberdeen in 1880. Randall billed the venue as Professor Williams American Feta and Gala Combination, and advertised in the local paper that the show ground was "illuminated by electric light." However, it was not until after he bought his first portable electric light engine (#1755) from Thomas Green and Son (Leeds) in 1894, that he began using electricity in his own show.

The Electroscope

Randall was likely the first, and perhaps the only showman, to equip his show with a revolving search light. He introduced the light at Boston May Fair in 1895 and advertised it as "The Electroscope.' Electric search lights were a new development in the mid 1890s. The illumination from Randall's light was produced by an arc lamp (a type of lamp that produces light by means of an electric arc) driven by an 8 h.p. dynamo-electric engine (dynamos were the first electrical generators capable of producing power). The strong light produced by the arc lamp made it possible to illuminate large areas, while the electricity generated by the dynamo made it possible to sustain the light for indefinite periods.

Randall advertised his show as the "Randall Williams' Electroscope" from May 1895 until mid 1897.

Note: Randall the name Electroscope initially as a reference to his search light, but he later on he call his used the same name as a reference to his first cinematograph (late 1896). 

Stream Traction Engines  

Randall is also credited as being the first showman to utilize a steam traction engine for road haulage. Traction engines were a costly piece of equipment in the late 1800s and only the more affluent showmen could afford them. Randall bought his first engine from John Fowler and Co. of Leeds in February 1896 at a cost of more than £700, and apparently, it was his exacerbation over high railway tariffs that motivated him to invest in one.

Cinematograph Exhibition

The history of the fairground cinema (the travelling bioscope shows) is a relatively short one: it began in 1896 and ended at the start of the Great War in 1914.  When Randall started out with films, the cinema was still in its infancy, but it was advancing quickly. His first cinematograph exhibition in 1896 was little more than a series of "filmclips," but his later films were longer and contained a story line. (For a list of some of the films exhibited by Randall see Exhibits )  They were also of much higher quality ("without the flicker") due to film standardization and improvements made to projection equipment. Randall's run as a film exhibitor lasted only two years, but during that period he led the way for other travelling film show exhibitors. He played a lead role in introducing "the pictures" to the general public and earned himself a place in the history of the early cinema trade in Britain.


Showman Activist

Randall advocated for the rights of showmen and other occupational travellers his entire career. From the 1870s onwards, he was in a constant battle with the railway companies over the rates they charged travelling amusement caterers. He was also one of a small group of showmen who met at the Black Lion Hotel in Salford in late 1890 to organize a protest against the Moveable Dwellings Bill. The bill was initiated by child welfare reformer, George Smith, and was described as “providing for the regulation of vans, vehicles and tents used as dwellings.” The real objective of the bill, however, was to regulate and control the gypsy population and to force itinerant parents to send their children to school. There were some commendable aspects to the bill, but had it passed, it would have imposed unfair and undue restrictions on travelling show proprietors and other travellers who lived and earned their living “on the road.” One outcome of the protest over the bill was that it led to the formation of the Van Dwellers' Protection Association at a meeting in circus proprietor, George Sanger's Amphitheatre in London on February 12, 1891. Randall was heavily involved in the new Van Dwellers association and was one of the Vice Presidents - Manchester Section.

The United Van Dwellers' Protection Association

The United Van Dwellers' Protection Association that was formed in February 1891 is the same association that exists today as The Showmen's Guild of Great Britain.

The following report published in The Stage newspaper on February 19, 1891 describes the meeting at which the association was formed:
“Van-Dwellers in Conclave. A Showmen’s Association. On Thursday morning a meeting, called at the instance of Mr. George Sanger, took place at Sanger’s Amphitheatre, for the purpose of forming a Protection Association of Showmen and Travellers . . .

Mr. George Sanger was voted to the chair. The Chairman said the meeting had not been convened to discuss the Moveable Dwellings Bill. That question had been threshed out; it had been beaten almost to rags. It was doubtful if the Bill would be read this Session. The opposition from the Travellers themselves, almost unanimously supported by the Press, had resulted in the thing being completely swamped. Notwithstanding that fact, they were met to make arrangements for the defence against any attempted oppression. In defending themselves against anything which might arise, funds must be raised.  An association must be formed to that end. Then by contributing annually a very small sum, the poorest amongst the van-dwellers, if he was called upon to defend his honour, honesty or character, would receive the assistance of a qualified legal man, and be otherwise benefited as a member of the Association. In concluding a speech that had been frequently applauded, the Chairman remarked that he had received twenty or thirty letters from travellers and showmen in the country who could not attend, who sympathised with the object of the meeting. The Chairman said he intended to subscribe £50 annually to the funds of the Association.

 Mr. A. Olliver, called upon by the chairman, then read the following resolution: -- That an Association be formed to comprise all respectable showmen and travellers through the whole of England, Wales and Scotland, and a committee formed to draw up a code of rules and consider the amount to be paid as an annual subscription. That the Association shall take into consideration any case whereby the moveable dwelling public may be called upon to defend themselves against any civil action, the said civil action to be submitted to a quorum of four or more of the said committee, and if approved, to be defended out of the funds of the Association; the penalty imposed (if any) to be paid by the defendants, the defence only coming out of the funds of the Association. That there shall be in every county of the United Kingdom an appointed consul, selected from travellers, and elected annually, who shall be empowered to hold meetings, give advice, and report progress to the central organization in London. That the money subscribed shall be deposited in a bank, the said deposit to be call the Showmen and Travellers’ Protection Fund. The committee, to be hereinafter appointed, shall fix the amount of subscription to be paid, and whether half-yearly or in any other way they may consider advisable. That the chairman, committee, and delegates shall give their services free, but all travelling and out of pocket expenses shall be defrayed from the funds of the Association. That delegates shall be appointed from time to time from the various counties of England to wait upon Members of Parliament regarding anything detrimental to the interests of showmen and travellers. That an annual general meeting shall be held in London, on or about the first or second week in January in each year, when the balance-sheet of the Association shall be read by the appointed secretary. That the question of the political voting of those who have property, and at certain periods of the year make their living carriage their home, and like subjects shall be discussed so that Parliamentary parties may be strengthened by the votes of the travellers possessing house property, who may be counted by their thousands.

Mr. James Norman moved, and Mr. Frank Bailey seconded, a resolution to the effect that an association upon these lines should be formed. Mr. W. Crofts, from the Liberty and Property Defence League, addressed the meeting, chiefly in respect of the League he represented and of the Moveable Dwellings Bill. The motion was then unanimously approved. . . ." (Stage, 19 February 1891)  (Note: fuller details of the formation of the Van Dwellers' Protection Association can be found in Wanted, a Few Useful People for the Ghost Business)

Death and Legacy

Randall's last show was at the Freeman Street Market in Great Grimsby, Lincolnshire, where he died of typhoid fever on November 14, 1898. He was buried at Weaste Cemetery in Salford on November 18.  His funeral was a big event for Manchester locals with huge crowds lining the procession route waiting to pay their last respects. The funeral service was conducted by The Rev. Thomas Horne (the showman's parson) and was attended by showmen from across Britain. It was a particularly sad day for the Rev. Horne. He was one of the travelling show community's most ardent advocates and he had lost a close friend and ally in Randall. Both men had fought for the rights of showmen and travellers, and both were veterans of the war with George Smith over the Moveable Dwellings Bill.

Randall was survived by long-time companion, Annie Radford Williams; sons, Randall, Thomas, George and Albert Edward; and daughters, Annie and Caroline. Following his death, his No. 2 show passed to his daughter, Annie, and her husband, Reuben Williams (see The Williams Family Showmen), while the main bioscope went to his daughter, Carrie, and her new husband, Dick Monte (see The Monte Williams Showmen).


Timeline

There were literally hundreds of entries (advertisements and commentaries) for Randall's show found in contemporary newspapers. Not only do they map out the history of the show, but they also provide a fascinating insight into the lives of travelling showmen during the latter half of the 19th Century.

The following timeline provides only a small sampling from original sources. It also includes many of the entries found since publishing Wanted a Few Useful People for the Ghost Business

1846

Randall Kay Williams was born on St. Martin's Street, Liverpool on July 17, 1846. He was the son of travelling show proprietors, Sarah (nee Glassbrook of Wigan) and Thomas Williams (of Warrington). He was baptised at St. Mary, Oldham, Lancashire on August 30, 1846.
1861

At the time of the census in April, 1861, Randall (aged 14) and his family were located at St. Helens, Lancashire. His father, Thomas, was the proprietor of a travelling show.

Randall's mother died in the mid 1860s, and his father, Thomas, moved to Salford, where he and Randall founded the Flat Iron Showground. The Flat Iron Showground wasn't a formal fairground, but rather a piece of vacant ground across from the Flat Iron Market (formally Trinity Market) where  showmen set up shows, rides, and other amusements.
1870

August: Bradford, Yorkshire: Randall, married showgirl Mary Ann Hough (Polly), daughter of swing-boat proprietors, Henry and Caroline Hough. Randall was 24 and Polly was 18.
1872

Randall brought out his own ghost illusion show, The Hobgoblinscope, in 1872. Ghost illusions were a type of stage show based on the special optical effect known as "Pepper's Ghost."  It was technique that was used to create the illusion of a 'ghost' appearing onstage as if out of nowhere. A typical ghost show drama culminated in some sort of grand transformation scene depicting the final passage from this life to the next. Ghost illusions became popular in British theatres in 1863, but they did not appear on the fairgrounds until the early 1870s. Other showmen who travelled early ghost illusion shows included George Wall, George Biddall, Harry Hammersley, and Williams Wallser.

December: Barnsley, Yorkshire: Randall Williams, "A Ghost Proprietor," was in court at Barnsley Town Hall, charged with failing to take down his booth. (Sheffield Independent, 13 Dec 1872, p3)

December: Sheffield: Randall got caught in a snow storm on his way to Sheffield.
1873

During the year, Randall began transporting his show by rail.

January:  Bolton New Year’s Fair

September: Woodhouse, Leeds: birth and death of Randall and Polly's first son, Thomas Henry.

December: London: “Williams’ ghost and illusion show” at the Royal Agricultural Hall Christmas Fair and Bazaar (Era, 11 Jan 1874)
1874

January: World's Fair, London: Williams Ghost Show (Era, Jan 11, 1874)

April: Boston (Lincolnshire) (Era, 26 April 1874)

May: Boston Pleasure Fair: "a "ghost" show which bears the designation of "Hobgoblinscope" (Stamford Mercury, 8 May 1874, p4)

May:  Leicester Pleasure Fair: "Hobgoblinscope" (Leicester Journal, 15 May 1874, p8)

September: birth of Polly and Randall’s first daughter, Annietta

October: Hull Fair: Williams Ghost Show with a performance of “Crackskull Abbey” and the death of “Little Jim” (Hull Packet & East Riding Times, 16 Oct 1874)

November: Eastwood: christening of Randall and Polly’s daughter, Annietta (International Genealogy Index)

November: Liverpool: “Randall Williams’s Great Hobgoblinscope” at Pembroke Hall (Era, 1 Nov 1874)

November: Sheffield Fair: "Strolling further we find a ghost exhibition dignified by the grandiloquent title of "Hobgoblinscope." (Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 25 Nov 1874, p3)

December: Liverpool: Pembroke Hall: “Mr. Randall Williams's great optical exhibition entitled "The Hobgoblinscope"  . . . The legend of "The Misanthrope," the poem of "Little Jim," "The Aerial Phenomenon," and "Chawbacon's Troubles" were all illustrated in a very surprising manner and the entertainment was greatly enhanced by the efforts of Mr. F. Lover, the Brothers Williams and Mr. S. Lawrence." (Provincial Theatricals, Era, 26 Dec 1874)
1875

April: Lincoln April Fair: “Williams Ghost Show” (Lincolnshire Chronicle, 23 April 1875)

September: Leeds (Era, 5 Sept 1875)

October: Nottingham Goose Fair: "Randall Williams, with his spectro-scope, was well patronised" (Era, 17 Oct 1875)

October: Birmingham Pleasure Fair, Aston Road (Sept 30 - Oct 2): "Applications for ground to Randall Williams" (Era, 5 Sept 1875; also Birmingham Gazette)
1876

April: Manchester: "send applications for Onion Fair (Birmingham) to Randall Williams" (Era, 9 Apr 1876)

March: Bury March Fair

June: Birmingham Whitsuntide Fair, Aston Road. Sole Lessee Mr. Randle Williams (Birmingham Gazette, 10 June 1876, p4)

September: Birmingham Pleasure Fair (Era, 3 Sept 1876)

October: Nottingham Goose Fair: "the Hobgoblinsope where spectres were to be seen, not in haunted Alloway Kirk, but in front of an illuminated transparency, representing High Mass at St Peters" (Nottingham Guardian, 6 Oct 1876, p3)

November: Darlington Market Place: Birth of daughter Sara (birth certificate)

December: Wicker Parish, Sheffield: christening of daughter, Sarah (International Genealogy Index). Randall and Polly's residence was listed as 7 Cumberland Place, Chester Road, Manchester.

Bury Cemetery

Annetha

Daughter of Randal and Mary Ann Williams
Who died, March 13th 1876, aged 1 year and 5 months.
    We had a little daughter dear,
    She was our grateful pride,
    We love her, ah! perhaps to well,
    For soon she slept and died.

Also ALICE, their daughter
Who died August 11th 1879
Aged 1 year & 8 months.

Also SARAH, their daughter
Who died December 4th 1881, aged 7 years.

Also MARY ANN, wife of Randal Williams
Who died January 4th 1884, aged 32 years.

Photo by Helen Walmsley


Randall and Polly lost their little daughter, Annietta, on Bury Fairground in March 1876.
The couple had seven children, five daughters and two sons, but the only two still living at the time of Polly's death in 1884 were Annie and Caroline.  

1877

The year saw the start of Randall's dispute with the railway companies over rates that lasted two decades.

February: Manchester: "Knott Mill Fair will be held at the Pomona Palace and Grounds" (contact Randall Williams) (Era, 14 Feb 1877)

September: Manchester: Royal Pomona Palace: Grand Fancy Bazaar and thoroughly Old English Fair: Randall's "Hobgoblinscope" (Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 13 Sept 1877, p1) 

September: Brierley Hill (nearly Dudley) (Staffordshire): Randall Williams letting out grounds for Brierley-hill Fair Ground (Era, 23 Sept 1877)

October: “Wanted, to inform all Fellow-Travellers, and those interested in Railway Travelling, that they should at once write to Mr. Needham, Superintendent of the Line, Derby, saying how many Carriages they have, likewise how many Passengers, and that you cannot afford to pay Ninepence per Mile, but are willing to pay the Sixpence as heretofore. Randall Williams. (Era, 21 Oct 1877)
1878

January: Stretford:  Birth of daughter, Alice (birth certificate)

September: Birmingham Pleasure Fair: Randall Williams’ “Grand Palace of Entertainment” (Birmingham Onion Fair, p.14)
1879

 April: Hulme, Lancashire: birth of daughter, Annie (birth certificate)

August: Hulme: death of daughter, Alice (18 months) (death certificate)

November: Manchester: “Randall Williams’s Professional Home at 66 Quay-street(apartments to let) (Era, 16 Nov 1879; 30 Nov 1879)
1880

February: Manchester: Randall was renting apartments to show people at several locations including 66 Quay-street; 40 Grosvenor-street; 47 Grosvenor-street; and 157 Bury New-road (Stage, 1 Feb 1880)

July: Greenock, Scotland: birth of daughter, Caroline, on Ladyburn Showground during Greenock Fair (birth certificate)
 
July: Greenock: Randall’s “Pepper’s Ghost” was one of the more notable shows at Greenock Fair (Greenock Telegraph & Clyde Shipping Gazette, 1 July 1880)

July: Glasgow Fair (where the son of Randall’s leading actor and advance man, George King, was born) (birth certificate)

August: Barrhead, Scotland (Era, 8 Aug 1880)

September: Aberdeen: “Professor Williams' American Fete & Gala Combination” (Aberdeen Weekly Journal, 20-22 Sept 1880)

October: Aberdeen: “Professor Williams’s Ghost Show.” (Era, 3 Oct 1880)

November: York Martinmas Fair: “Every person visiting York Martinmas Fair should not miss paying a visit to Randall Williams’ Great Hobgoblinscope, which is situated between Jubbergate and Market-Street. This Exhibition can be easily recognised by its splendid carved front. The entertainment provided for the public cannot fail to please all denominations. This Day, Faust and Marguerite, Or the Devil and the Doctor. Followed by a Laughable Farce. Beware spurious imitations." (York Herald, 24 Nov 1880)
1881         

“Randall Williams, showman, 256 Chester Road, Hulme” (Salford Directory, 1881)

“Randall Williams, traveller, 66 Quay St, Deansgate, Manchester” (Salford Directory, 1881)

January:  Manchester: death of Randall's father, Thomas, at 66 Quay St (Era, 12 Feb 1881) (death certificate)

April: Manchester: at the time of the census, Randall and family were at their permanent residence on 66 Quay St.

April: Randall's foreman, George King, and several other employees were in Stamford at the end of the Mid Lent Fair (census)

May: Liverpool (Era, 14 May 1881)

June: Milton, Cumberland (Era, 14 Sept 1881)

September: Peterhead, Scotland: “Professor Randall Williams’ Great Ghost Show of The World”, on Broad Street" (East Aberdeenshire Observer, 23 Sept 1881)       

October; Hull Fair (Hull Packet & East Riding Times, 14 Oct 1881)

December: Bacup, Lancashire: death of daughter, Sarah (5 years) at the Ghost-Caravan, Market Ground, Bacup (death certificate)

November: York Martinmas Fair: “Professor Randall Williams’ Great Ghost Show” (York Herald, 24 Nov 1881, p1)

December: Manchester: “Randall Williams’s Hobgoblinscope” at the 1st Annual St. James’s Grand Christmas and New Year’s Fair (Manchester Evening News, 22 Dec 1881, p1)
1882

January:  The Great St. James's Hall, Oxford-Street, Manchester: New Year's Fair: Williams's Ghost Illusion (Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 6 Jan 1882)

January:  St. James's Hall, Manchester:  Last Week: Williams' Ghost Illusion (Manchester Evening News, 27 Jan 1882)

September: Preston Guild Festival (20 year celebration, Sept 4–9)

September: Soothill, Dewsbury: “Yesterday morning a shocking accident took place at Batley, by which a travelling showman named George King, 35 years, lost his life. The deceased was the foreman for Mr. Randall Williams, proprietor of a ghost and hobgoblin show, which was coming to Batley Feast.” (Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 14 Sept 1882, p2)

November: Rotherham Statute Fair: “Robbery from a Ghost Show” (Sheffield Independent, 9 Nov 1882, p7)

Preston 1882



         Showmen at Preston Guild Festival, 1882 

Back row (left to right): Harry Cunningham, John Cooper, unknown. Front row: Randall Williams, John McIndoe, John Whiting, John Symonds.

Photographed by Henry J. Wallis.

[Ann Cadman, Poole, Dorset]

1883

 “Randall Williams, traveller, 12 Lower Byrom St, Quay St” (Slater’s Directory of Manchester & Salford, 1883)

 January: Sheffield Quarter Sessions: “Elizabeth Hough, 23, spinster, and John Gaven, 32, baker, were indicted, the woman for stealing the sum of £16. 15s. 2d., the property of Randall Williams, the proprietor of a “ghost show” located at Rotherham during the Statutes Fair . . .” (Sheffield Independent, 6 Jan1883, p2)

June: Scholes (Liversedge to Halifax) West Yorkshire: “A Sad Accident occurred on Sunday at Scholes, when a girl of fifteen was killed near West Field Inn. Deceased was picked up in Manchester six months ago by a travelling showman named Williams with whom she has travelled as nurse girl. On Sunday the party were travelling by road from Hightown Feast, Liversedge to Halifax, via Scholes, the girl walking. When approaching the inn rain began to fall. She attempted to enter the van whilst in motion, slipped, and fell with her head under one of the wheels, which passed over her, causing instantaneous death.  – An inquest was held on Monday as to the death of the girl, whose name was Mary Jane Jones. Randal Williams deposed that the girl, who was between fifteen and sixteen, had travelled with him as servant for about five months. Witness picked her up in Manchester, and knew nothing about her father. On Sunday the company were travelling from Liversedge to Halifax, via Scholes. Deceased had been riding, and got out of the van and walked. Witness did not see her alive again. – William Burnett, agent for Williams, said he saw the girl attempt to get into one of the vans whilst it was in motion. She slipped, and before the driver could pull up the first wheel of the van, passed over her head, causing instantaneous death. A verdict of “Accidental death” was returned. (Leeds Times, 30 June 1883, p3)

July: Bradford Pleasure Fair, Yorkshire: Showmen’s meeting held in Randall’s show during the fair (Era, 7 July, 1883)

September: Armley, Yorkshire (Era, 1 Sept 1883)
1884

January: Manchester: death of Randall’s wife, Mary Ann Williams, age 33 (death certificate)

March: Manchester: (Era, 29 March 1884)

August: Tallucruty nr Balagh: Scotland: (Era, 16 Aug 1884)

September: Aberdeen: "Randall Williams' Great Ghost or Optical Show. Reclaimed Ground, every evening. This exhibition should be seen by all, as it is the largest and grandest now travelling, the Frontage costing over £2000. To-Night -- Faust and a laughable farce . . .  " (Aberdeen Evening Express, 20 Sept 1884; 29 Sept 1884)

December: Chesterfield Market Place: Randall Williams Great Ghost Show . . . “The Mistletoe Bough”; “Faust, or The Devil and The Doctor”; “Little Jim, The Collier`s Dying Child” (advertisement, Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald, 6 Dec 1884, p4)

December: World’s Fair, London: Randall Williams’s “Great Ghost Show” (Era, 27 Dec 1884)

Polly Hough

Polly Williams,  early 1890s.

Mary Ann Hough  (1870-1885)

Randall married showgirl, Mary Ann (Polly) Hough in 1870. Polly was was the daughter of travelling swings proprietors, Caroline and Henry Hough. She and Randall had five daughters and one son.

Polly died in Manchester in January 1885 and was buried in Bury Cemetery beside her three eldest daughters - Annietta, Alice and Sarah. Her two surviving daughters, Annie and Caroline, were only five and four years old when she died.

Photo: from the late Caroline Monte Tindale collection.
1885         

January: Hull Borough Sessions: Charges against four young men for stealing £10 from Randall . . . . (Leeds Mercury, 9 Jan 1885)

May: Manchester: “Wanted, all Travellers to know that it is the intention of Randall Williams to try and reduce the present Railway Rates with the aid of his fellow travellers. . . .” (Era, 23 May 1885)

May: Aston Fair: “Randall Williams' Great Hobgoblinscope"– “This ‘Prince of showmen’ is now at the fair, exhibiting a gorgeous illusionary spectacle (sic), representing the "Fall of Khartoum" and the death of General Gordon. . .” (Aston Chronicle, 30 May 1885)

September: Leeds: “Wanted, at once, for Randall Williams’s Great Ghost Show. Useful People, in all Lines; also Twenty First-class Ballet Girls to parade outside. Must be good looking. Address for the above, Post-office Leeds.” (Era, 26 Sept 1885)

October: Hull Fair

October: Portsmouth, Hampshire:  Randall 's show van collided with a tramcar (Hampshire Telegraph & Sussex Chronicle, 30 Jan 1886)

December: London World’s Fair: “Randall Williams’s Great Ghost Show” (Era, 27 Dec 1885) (Reynold’s Newspaper, 20 Dec 1885)
1886         

January: Portsmouth County Court: A Collision – Randall Williams v. Tramway Company (Hampshire Telegraph & Sussex Chronicle, 30 Jan 1886)

February: Fulham Fairground: "Randall Williams Ghost Exhibition” (Era, 27 Feb 1886)

June: Normanton, Yorkshire (Era, 5 June 1886)

June: Wolverhampton (Era, 5 June 1886)

August: Drypool Feast Ground, Hull (Era, 7 Aug 1886)
 
September: Sowerby Rushbearing Festival: "Williams" Phantoscope, or Ghost Show" (Hebden Bridge Times & Calder Vale Gazette, 1886)

September: Bradford (Era, 25 Sept 1886)

December: Birmingham: Randall held a fair at Bingley Hall in Birmingham from Dec 25, 1886 to Feb 12, 1887 (Birmingham Daily Post, 25 Dec 1886, p3
1887

January: Birmingham (Era, 22 Jan 1887)

February: Birmingham (Era, 12 Feb 1887)

March: Batley: (Era, 5 Mar 1887)

April: Aston Fair: (Era, 2 Apr 1887)

May: Knighton, Radnorshire (Era, 14 May 1887)

May: Mountain Ash (Era, 28 May 1887)

May: Bryn Mawr, Breconshire (Era, 28 May 1887)

June: South Wales: “Treorky Fair, Commencing on 4th and 6th June. TREALAW, Wednesday and Thursday, June 8 and 9. PORTH, commencing on Saturday June 11 and following days. FERNDALE, June 18 and following days. Studt’s Great World’s Fair this Jubilee Year . . . . Professor Randall Williams’s Great Ghost Show (first visit to South Wales). Everybody should see this Grand Exhibition, the front alone having cost over £2000.” (Western Mail, 27 May 1887, p1)

June: Newport, Monmouthshire (Era, 25 June 1887) 

August: Pontypridd (Era, 13 Aug 1887)

September: Port Talbot: (Era, 3 Sept 1887)

October: Swansea: (Era, 1 Oct 1887; 8 Oct 1887; 22 Oct 1887)
1888

March: Mountain Ash (Era, 24 Mar 1888)

April: Aberdare (Era, 14 Apr 1888)

May: Kington (Era, 12 May 1888)

June: Stockport (Era, 23 June 1888)

July: Haworth near Keighley (Era, 28 July 1888)

August: Birstal, Yorkshire (Era, 18 Aug 1888)

September: Holbeck Feast, Leeds: (Era, 8 Sept 1888)

October: Wibsey near Bradford (Era, 6 Oct 1888)

October: Hull Fair Ground: “Williams Ghost Show” (Era, 20 Oct 1888)

December: Stockport, Cheshire: Randall was proprietor of a Christmas Carnival commencing December 22 at the Borough Fairground, Portwood, Stockport. An incident during the show on its opening night lead to a stabbing after the show was over. (Stabbing Affray on the Fairground: A Sequel to a Ghost Show, County News & Chronicle, 24 Dec 1888; A Ghost Show Story: Incident at the Christmas Fair, Stockport Advertiser, 28 Dec 1888).
1889
     
January: Bolton: New Year’s Fair: (Era, 8 Dec 1888) 

March: Liverpool (Era, 2 Mar 1889)

May: Bootle (Stage, 3 May 1889)

July: Warrington Pleasure Fair: “Randall Williams’ Ghost Show” (Era, 27 July 1889)

August: Skipton, Yorkshire: "Wanted, Useful People in all Branches, Knockabouts. Ground booth to sell. Cheap, new 24ft. wide, 20ft. back. Address of Harry Wallis required immediately. Randall Williams, Ghost Show, Skipton (Era, 31 Aug 1889)

September: Batley (Stage, 20 Sept 1889)

October: Wibsey, near Bradford (Era, 5 Oct 1889)

December: London World’s Fair: “Randall Williams’s Ghost Show” (Era, 28 Dec 1889)(The Times, 25 Dec 1889, p 7)
1890                  

April: Bedford (Stage, 18 Apr 1890)

May: Coventry (Stage, 23 May 1890)

June: Halifax Fairground (Stage, 27 Jun 1890)

July: Bramley, Yorkshire (Era, 19 Jul 1890)

August: Birstal, Yorkshire (Stage, 22 Aug 1890)

September: London: birth of son, Randall (Randall’s first son with common-law wife, Annie Radford) (birth certificate)

October: Hull Fair: “Randall Williams’ Greatest Ghost Show In the World” (Hull Daily Mail, 11 Oct 1890)

November: Loughborough Fair: “Randall Williams’ Ghost Show” (Merry Go Round).

Randall's sons

Randall and Annie’s three eldest sons; Thomas, Albert Edward, and Randall, 1898.

Annie Radford

(1865-1950)


Randall’s second family was with Annie Radford. Annie was born in Bristol and was the daughter of shipwright, George Radford. She met Randall in London in the early 1890s.


Annie and Randall had five sons: Randall (died 1892); Randall, Thomas, Albert Edward, and George. The boys all settled in the London area with the exception of George, who immigrated to Australia.
 
[Photo: Randall Williams, Chellaston, Derbyshire]

1891

February: Free Trade Hall, Manchester: Randall spoke at a meeting of the Van Dwellers’ Defence League (Manchester Section):

Speaking as a showman, he said that he at one time took a permanent residence in Manchester and lived there eight years. During that period he buried all his children but two, his father, and his wife. The two surviving children he had since reared in a caravan. So much for the sanitary conditions of van dwellings as compared with fixed residences in large cities. As regarded education, he might say that he, like others of his class, took great pains to have his children properly educated. The difficulty lay not so much in the disinclination of van-dwellers to educate their children as in the unwillingness of schoolmasters to receive these temporarily . . .” (Era, 28 Feb 1891)

March: Black Lion Hotel, Salford (Stage, 12 March 1891)

April: Salford: “Randall Williams, 42, Illusionist (Ghost Show)” (census)

May: Kendal (Stage, 14 May, 1891)

May: Barrow-in-Furness (Stage, 21 May 1891)

July: Annfield Plain, Co. Durham (Stage, 9 July 1891)

August: Sheldon, Co. Durham (Stage, 13 Aug 1891)

August: Spennymoor, Co. Durham (Era, 22 Aug 1891)
October: Hull Fair: Randall attended a meeting of the Van Dwellers in Scott’s circus booth during Hull Fair (Era, 17 Oct 1891)

November: Malton (Stage, 19 Nov 1891)

December: Whitby, Yorkshire: Robbing a Ghost Show Proprietor (Northern Echo, 4 Jan 1892) (Shield’s Daily Gazette, 4 Jan 1892)
1892

January: Whitby, North Yorkshire (Northern Echo, 4 Jan 1892)

March: West Hartlepool: death of Randall’s son, Randall, 16 months (death certificate)

May: Northallerton Town Hall: “Randall Williams Ghost and Spectral Co.” (Stage, 5 May 1892, p15)

June: Sheffield: "Ghost Show! Randall Williams will visit Sheffield Whit Fair with his Great Ghost Show . . .” (Sheffield Independent, 3 June 1892, p1)

July: London: birth, of son, Thomas Randall (birth certificate)

October: Hull Fair: “Randall William’s Greatest Ghost Show” with Great Little Titch, Indian Basket Trick, etc. (Critic, 8 Oct 1892)

November: Rotherham: “The Showmen’s Guild    On Sunday evening last, the Rev. Thomas Horne, Curate of Whiston, who is the son of a well-known showman, conducted a service in Mr. Randall Williams ghost show on the Rotherham Statute Fair Ground . . ." (Era, 12 Nov 1892)

November: Rotherham: “Meeting of Showmen at Rotherham, Educational Proposals. Speeches by the Vicar of Rotherham and the Rev. T. Horne. On Tuesday morning, a meeting of the showmen and others attending the Rotherham Statute Fair was held in Mr. Randall Williams’ ghost show, under the auspices of the Van Dweller’s Protection Society. The Rev. W. Law, M.A., Vicar of Rotherham, presided, and there were also present the Rev. T. Horne, curate of Whiston, and Mr. A.H. Foers. The convenors were Messrs. Randall Williams, J. Whiting, Thomas Horne, and Robert Williams . . .)” (Rotherham Advertiser, 12 Nov 1892, p2) (Copy provided by Archives & Local Studies, Environment & Development Services, Central Library, Walker Place, Rotherham).

November: Leeds: “On Thursday a complimentary dinner was given by Mr. Ernest Gambart to his old friend Mr. Randall Williams, and a select number of gentlemen at the Turk’s Head, Briggate, when an exceedingly pleasant evening was spent. Both gentlemen are well known public entertainers.” (Leeds Times, 19 Nov 1892, p5)
1893                  

January: London: Meeting of the Van Dwellers Protection Association at the Royal Agricultural Hall (Showmen in Conference, Birmingham Daily Post, 26 Jan 1893)

April: Trafford-road Fair Ground, Salford (Era, 1 April 1893)

May: Higher Cambridge-street, Manchester (Stage, 25 May 1893)

June: Normanton (Stage, 1 June 1893, p 17)

June: Barnsley (Stage, 15 June 1893)

June: Barnsley, Yorkshire: “An Incident of the Lion’s Escape. Yesterday evening during the scare caused by the escape of a young lion at Day’s Menagerie, now performing in Church Field, Barnsley, Mrs. Williams, wife of the proprietor of a ghost show, was badly burnt on the left side of her face by the explosion of a small lamp which was filled with methylated spirits. The poor woman was in the act of lighting the lamp when the cry as to the escape of the lion arose and frightened her.” (Yorkshire Evening Post, 17 June 1893, p3)

July: London: birth of son, Thomas Henry (birth certificate)

August: Feast Ground, Brighouse (Stage, 10 Aug 1893)

August: Armley (Stage, 31 Aug 1893)

October: Hull Fair: Randall Williams Greatest Ghost Show of the World . . .  Little Titch . . . . New Scenery. Grand Effects.  . . . (Hull Daily Mail, 12 Oct 1893, p1)

November: Rotherham Statute Fair: "Showmen's Meeting at Rotherham: A special meeting was held yesterday afternoon in Williams' Ghost Show on the Fair Ground, Rotherham, under the auspices of the United Kingdom Van Dwellers Protection Association. Mr. B. T. Burnett presided, and he was supported by the Rev. T Horne (Chaplain to the showmen) and the following leaders of the movement: Messrs. Randall Williams, Robert Williams, J. Dean, Wm. Sedgwick, P. Collins, J. Whiting, Harry Hughes, J. Burton, Inshaws, Murphy, Newsome, Hancock, &c. The "show" was crowded, there being present besides "travellers" a number of trade unionists and inhabitants of the borough. -- The Chairman explained that the association was formed three years ago on the suggestion of the Liberty and Property Defence League to oppose the passing of the Movable Dwellings Bill through Parliament. He criticised the clauses of that bill, stating they would if passed, prevent showmen from carrying on their daily avocations. The results of the formation of the association had been gratifying. The first year they had 500 members, and at the present time 800. (Applause.) They had a great many friends in the House of Commons, some of them most influential, including two Cabinet Ministers. Criticising the bill, the speaker strongly condemned the proposal to confer the power on the police to inspect movable dwellings at any time from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. He did not see why they should be singled out to bear the inflections which the bill proposed. With regard to George Smith, of Coalville, he would not dwell upon that gentleman's past career. He refuted George Smiths' statement in his book, "How I went Gipsying," that three-fourths of the van dwellers lived in a state of concubinage. On the contrary, from his experience of 14 or 15 years, he asserted that they lived only in the bonds of holy matrimony. (Applause.) George Smith also had published that they nearly all lived on their children begging, borrowing, and stealing. That, too, was an infamous falsehood. (Applause.) -- Mr. J. Dean, one of the organisers of the society, also addressed the gathering. The Rev. T. Horne dwelt on the subject of the education of showmen's children. He repudiated wild statements of Mr. George Smith, of Coalville. He denied that there were 50,000 children in the country and 3000 showmen children outside the educational machinery. A statement like that of George Smith, of Coalville, was grossly false, and such a wild flight of imagination that he (the speaker) had sometimes marvelled that George Smith, of Coalville, had not found more profitable employment in trying to elaborate from his inner consciousness some popular penny novelette. (Laughter.) As a novelist and romancist he would be a great success." (Sheffield Independent, 6 Nov 1893, p2)

For the full story behind the formation of the Van Dwellers Protection Association (Showmen's Guild of Great Britain), the showmen involved, etc., see
"Wanted, a Few Useful People for the Ghost Business"

1894

During the year an electric light engine (#1755) was delivered new to Randall in Manchester by Thomas Green & Son.

January: King’s Yard, Stretford-road, Manchester (Stage, 4 Jan 1894)

April: Lincoln Pleasure Fair (Lincolnshire Chronicle, 26 April 1895, p8)

May: Boston May Fair: “Professor Randall Williams` Electroscope” (Lincolnshire Echo, 9 May 1895, p1)

May: Sleaford (Lincolnshire): “Professor Randall Williams` Electroscope”(Lincolnshire Echo, 18 May 1895, p1)

May: Dalton-in-Furness (Stage, 10 May 1894)

June: Whitehaven: “Randall Williams Ghost Pavilion” (Stage, 14 June 1894)

June: Ayr, Scotland: “Randall Williams, Ghost Pavilion” (Stage, 28 June 1894)

August: Hetton-le-Hole (Stage, 9 Aug 1894)

September: Holbeck Feast (Leeds Mercury, 12 Sept 1894)

October: Hull Fair: Randall Williams (No. 1 Show): The Great Little Titch, Smallest Comedian in the World . . . ."Mr. R. W. wishes to inform his patrons that he will introduce his New Patent Search Light"    (Hull Daily Mail, 15 Oct 1894)

October:  Hull Fair: “Randall Williams’ No. 2 Show. . . Man in a Trance and Sleeping Beauty . . . “ (Hull Daily Mail, 9 Oct 1895)  )

October: Hull Fair: Randall Williams No. 2 Show . . . . “Last night a couple of hearses, containing, each, a coffin, paraded Anlaby-road, and were drawn through the Fair. . . .” (Hull Daily Mail, 11 Oct 1895, p4)

November: Rotherham Fair Ground: “Randall Williams Ghost Theatre” (Stage, 1 Nov 1894) (Stage, 15 Nov 1894)
1895      

January: London: World’s Fair (Era, Jan 5, 1895)

February: London: birth of son, Albert Edward, in a Caravan at the Agricultural Hall (birth certificate)

April: Yarmouth: Randall Williams’ Electroscope (Stage, 18 Apr 1895)

April: Lincoln: Randall Williams’ Ghost Show (Stage, 18 April 1895)

May: Boson May Fair:  “Professor Randall Williams’s Exhibition is here for the first time for Twenty Years. The whole of this Exhibition will be brilliantly illuminated with the Electric Light. The Engine and Plant has been specifically designed by Messrs. Green and Son, Leeds and London. Everybody should see the New Patent Revolving ARC Lamp and Powerful Search Light. . . . The whole of this Magnificent Plant can be seen working on the outside of the building free of charge. . . . ” (Lincolnshire Echo, 3 May 1895, p3)

May: Sleaford, Lincolnshire: “The Show of the Century. Professor Randall Williams`s Electroscope will visit the Cross Keys Yard, Sleaford, To-Day (Saturday) and Monday, May 18, & 29. Everything worked by Electricity. Everybody should come and see the Arc Lamp and Powerful Search Lamp. The admiration of all beholders. Mr. Williams respectfully invites Engineers and Scientific Men to inspect the same. The whole of this Magnificent Plant can be seen working on the outside of the building free of charge. A Challenge to London for £1000.  To produce a series of Living Pictures equal to those shown at this Exhibition. An entire New Series of Tableaux Vivants has been specially designed and arranged for this tour, and will be produced on a costly scale of Magnitude, with Limelight, Scenic and Phantoscopical Effects, &c.” (advertisement, Lincolnshire Echo, 18 May 1895, p1)


June: Feast Ground, Elsecar, near Sheffield (Era, 8 Jun 1895; 15 Jun 1895)

July: Skelmonthorpe (Era, 13 July 1895)

August: Leeds: Randall purchased a portable light engine (Enchantress, #7213) from John Fowler & Co. (Leeds) Limited.

September: Holbeck (Era, 7 Sept 1895)

September: Morley: Randall Williams Electroscope (Era, 14 Sept 1895)
 
September: Featherstone (Era, 28 Sept 1895)

October: Nottingham Goose Fair: “Second Sight Show” (Randall’s No. 2 show)

October: Hull Fair: “But the most sensational bit of business is in the possession of Randall Williams, and is at his No. 2 Show. . . Last night a couple of hearses, containing, each, a coffin, paraded Anlaby-road, and were drawn through the Fair. . . ..” (Hull Daily Mail, 11 Oct 1895, p4)

October: Hull Fair: “Royal Proclamation and Challenge to the Whole World. Randall Williams’ No. 2 Show. The Grandest and Greatest Exhibition of Sensational and Scientific Wonders. Will visit this town during the Fair, Exhibiting the Greatest London Sensations! Randall Williams has engaged the Original Prof. T. Howard with his Great London Sensations! . . .” (Hull Daily Mail, 9 Oct 1895, p4)

November: Rotherham Status Fair: Randall attended the funeral of James Marsden; also a meeting of the Van Dwellers held at the Effingham Arms Hotel  (Era, 9 Nov 1895).

October, Rotherham Status Fair (Era, 26 Oct 1895)

November: Sheffield (Stage, 7 Nov 1895, p 17)

December: London: World’s Fair
1896                  

January: London: World’s Fair: Randall was elected chairman of the Showmen’s Annual Supper and Ball for the second time (Era, 18 Jan 1896)

February: London: World’s Fair (Era, 1 Feb 1896)
 
February: London: Dalston Junction: Sale of Bostock and Wombwell's Menagerie: "It is said that a good looking bloodhound has been sold at Bostock and Wombell's Menagerie for 45, its purchaser being Mr. Randal Williams, a popular showman, who intends the hound to take part in the well-known adaptation from Mrs. Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin." (Daily Gazette, Middlesbrough, 3 Mar 1896, p4)

February: King’s Lynn (Stage, 27 Feb 1896)
 
March: Barnsley, Yorkshire: Strange Explosion in Barnsley Market: An extraordinary explosion, one which, though not clearly explained by the men concerned, seems to be of a character to merit inquiry by electricians, occurred in Beckett Square Market, Barnsley, on Saturday evening. An entertainment known as “Randall Williams’ Electroscope” had been stationed there during the week. Part of the attraction was an electric search-light, produced by a dynamo driven by an eight-horse power steam engine. On Saturday evening an electrician from Leeds, having been making some repairs to the dynamo and electric apparatus, preparations were made as usual for commencing. The power was turned on, the dynamo started, and after working a little while there came a slight explosion, the copper coils forming the battery were broken and thrown amongst the crowd, and the man who was making the repairs was rather badly cut about the head and face. The cause of the explosion is unknown, but the damage to the dynamo, battery, etc. is estimated at £150.(Sheffield Telegraph, 16 March 1896, p7)

April: Irvine, Scotland: Bogside Carnival (Irvine Herald, 17 Apr 1896)

April: Golborne: “Wanted, Manager for Mystic Swing” (Stage, 30 Apr 1896)

May: Bolton, Lancashire: Randall Williams Electroscope Fair (Stage, 28 May 1896) (Era, 30 May 1896)

September: London: birth of son, George (birth certificate)
 
October: Nottingham Goose Fair: “Randall Williams Trance and Second Sight Exhibition”  (his No. 2 show) (The Journals of Sydney Race, p 66).

 October: Hull Fair: “The only Electroscope In the World. Living Pictures and Tableaux Vivants . . .” (Hull Daily Mail, 13 Oct 1896)

November: Rotherham Statute Fair: Randall Williams's No. 1 show with his Cinematograph and his No. 2 show with a mind reading performance by Professor Howard (Era, 7 Nov 1896 )

November: Chesterfield Hiring Fair: “Randall Williams’s ghost illusions” (Era, 28 Nov 1896)
 
December: London: World’s Fair: film exhibition, "Queen of the Antipodes, Fisheries Exhibition, &c.” (Islington Gazette, 29 Dec 1896)

December: London: interview with a Chums reporter (published the following year) (Chums, Issue 269, 3 Nov 1897)

 
Royal Agricultural Hall, Islington

Randall was the first showman to exhibit films at the World's Fair at the Royal Agricultural Hall in London. The films exhibited in 1896 included Queen of the Antipodes and a Fisheries Exhibition.

Other showmen who exhibited films at the World's Fair included: James Chittock at the start of the 1897-98 season; Carrie and Dick Monte, who took over Randall's main show during the 1898-99 season; William Taylor, who took over the space alloted for the 'Randall Williams' show during the 1901-02 season; and Arthur Twigdon who opened with Chittock's show during the 1906-07 season.


Royal Agricultural Hall, Upper Street, Islington, 1901 [author]



Note: A transcript of the London County Council inspection reports for Randall's show at the World's Fair  in 1897-98 are included in "Wanted, a Few Useful People for the Ghost Business."


1897                  

 Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee celebration year. Randall spent the entire summer at the Victorian Era Exhibition in Earl’s Court, London (May 24 - Oct 30), where he billed his show as “Pepper’s Famous Ghost Show”. The show was specifically designed that year to pay tribute to Queen Victoria and it included films of her Jubilee Procession (added at the end of June), a tableau vivant presentation of the Queen surrounded by the flags of all nations, and a Pepper's Ghost performance which included amongst other titles, the short drama, “Adrian the Betrayer”.

Note:  The projector used by Randall at the Victorian Era Exhibition was supplied by Haydon & Urry (he started using their projector in early 1897), leading the company to claim in its advertising that their "Eragraph" had been used "with unqualified success at “Victorian Era Exhibition all Last Season.” (Era, Feb 26, 1898) 

January:  Randall started off the year with a brand new, dual-lobby show booth. It was built by George Orton of Burton-on-Trent and came with a beautiful front exterior carved and gilded by Charles Spooner. Randall's old show was converted into a bioscope and was managed by Randall's nephew, Reuben Williams.

January: World’s Fair: “Wanted, it Known that the Greatest Success ever known is the Cinematograph, now being shown in the Royal Agricultural Hall, London. Fifty latest Animated Pictures to select from. Open for Engagements. Apply, Randall Williams . . .” (Era, 16 Jan 1897       

Feburary London: World’s Fair: Showmen’s Supper and Ball (Stage, 4 Feb 1897, p 9)

February: London: Agricultural Hall (Van Dwellers Meeting): “Mr. Randall Willliams made one of vigorous speeches urging the showmen present to rally to the help of the society. . .” (Era, 7 Feb 1897, p20)

 February: King’s Lynn: Van-Dwellers Association meeting (Era, 27 Feb 1897)

 April: London: “The Bros. La Fayette, Modern Blondins . . . Full particulars, Randall Williams, 8, Claremont-square, Pentonville-road, London.” (Era, 10 April 1897)

 April: Grantham Pleasure Fair: “Mr. Randall Williams had engaged the old Butter Hall for his cinematograph, and here quite a number of novel, humorous and interesting pictures were displayed each evening. This was undoubtedly the greatest attraction of the Fair . . .(Grantham Journal, 10 April 1897, p8)

 April: Norwich: Randall gave evidence at the Coroner’s inquiry into the death of John Barker, the proprietor of a switchback railway (Era, 17 Apr 1897)

 April: Yarmouth Fair Ground (Stage, 22 April 1897)

 May: Boston May Fair: “Randall Williams. World-Famed Electroscope, and the only real electric cinematographe or Moving Photographs . . ." (Lincolnshire Echo, 5 May 1897) 

May: Boston:  Randall was looking for a phantoscope to perform 'Pepper's Ghost' at the Victorian Era Exhibition (Era, May 8, 1897)

May: Boston: The Sensation of the Fair. In consequence of the great success of Randall William's world-famed Electric Cinematograph or Moving Pictures. It will remove to Bargate Gree, Boston for a few days longer. Everything Bang Up to Date. Popular Prices. (Lincolnshire Echo, 14 May 1897, p1)

May: Old Butter Hall, Market Place, Grantham: Randall was looking for an engine driver competent to run a Dynamo (Grantham Journal, 15 May 1897)

May: Fulham, London: “Wanted, to inform those engaged by me for Pepper’s Ghost at Earl’s Court Victorian Era Exhibition, that they must be there not later than 9 a.m., Monday, for Rehearsal . . . Randall Williams, 38, Lillie Road, Fulham.” (Stage, 20 May 1897, p 17) 

 May: Victorian Era Exhibition, London: “Wanted, Known, that Randall Williams’s Pepper’s Ghost has been unanimously acknowledged by Public and Press to be the best Entertainment of the Coronation Fair in the Victorian Exhibition, Earl’s-court.” (Era, 29 May 1897)

June: Victorian Era Exhibition: “Pepper’s Famous Ghost Show” (Daily News, 10 June 1897)

June: Victorian Era Exhibition: “Wanted Known, that all records broken at Randall William’s Pepper’s Ghost, Victorian Era Exhibition, Earl’s Court. Over 9,000 passed the turnstiles on Whit Monday last. Patronised by Royalty on Wednesday, June 3rd, 1897. Good Old Randall!” (Stage, 10 June 1897)

 July: Victorian Era Exhibition: “Wanted, a Band of from Fifteen to Twenty Performers, to play in the Empress Theatre, Royal Victorian Era Exhibition, Earl’s-court, London. Apply Randall Williams.” (Era, 3 July 1897)

 July: Victorian Era Exhibition: “Wanted, Known, La Fayette Brothers, the successors of the late Chevalier Blondon, will open in the Empress Theatre, Exhibition, Earl’s-court, London, on July 15, 1897. Apply Randall Williams, King of Showmen, above. Well done, Randy.” (Era, 10 July 1897)

August: Victorian Era Exhibition: “Lafayette Brothers . . . in the Empress Theatre. For full particulars, etc. Apply Randall Williams, King of Showmen, their Sole Representative.” (Era, 7 Aug 1897)

 August: Yorkshire: Randall Williams’ Living Pictures (No. 2 show) in attendance at “the Yorkshire feasts around Leeds and Bradford.” (Era, 28 Aug 1897)  

 September: Victorian Era Exhibition: “Wanted, Divers, Tank Swimmers with own tank, Novelties of all kinds, for one of my side shows. Must be good. Share or certainty – Apply, Randall Williams, King of Showmen, Exhibition, Earl’s Court, London.” (Stage, 2 Sept 1897) 

 September: Bingley, Yorkshire: No. 2 show (Era, Sept 4, 1897)

September: Skipton, Yorkshire: “Williams’s “cinematograph theatre“ (No. 2 show) (Era, 11 Sept 1897)

September: Great Horton, Bradford: “Randall Williams with his living photography” (No. 2 show) (Era, 11 Sept 1897)

September: Holbeck Feast, South Leeds: Randall Williams Living Pictures (No. 2 show) (Era, 18 Sept 1897)

September: Morley: “living pictures show by Randall Williams” (No. 2 show) (Era, 25 Sept 1897)

 September: Hunslet Feast: Randall Williams Living Pictures (No. 2 show) (Merry Go Round, Vol. XIV, No. 4, Autumn, 1960)

 October: Woodhouse Feast: “Randall Williams cinematograph show” (No. 2 show) (Era, 2 Oct 1897)

 October: Victorian Era Exhibition: “Wanted, for one of my large side shows, Victorian Era Exhibition, Earl’s Court, London, a good swimming troupe or any Big Novelty that would suit this Exhibition. Apply Randall Williams, King of Showmen, as above. . .” (Era, 2 Oct 1897)

 October: Nottingham Goose Fair: Randall Williams’ Electroscope and Mammoth Phantoscopical Exhibition (this was to be the last time Randall’s ghost illusions exhibited at Nottingham) (Poster in Old Nottingham Goose Fair)

October: Hull Fair: “Randall Williams’ Cinematograph, on the Fairground, Walton-street” (Hull Daily Mail, 13 Oct 1897)

 November: Malton, Yorkshire: "Randall Williams’ Famous Cinematograph will visit Malton during the Hirings" (Hebden Times, 13 Nov 1897)

 December (over Christmas): Sheffield: Randall's No. 2 show

 December: World’s Fair, London: This was to be Randall's last show at the World's Fair. During the year his main feature had been the films of Queen Victoria’s Jubilee procession. However, he was showing a new film over the Christmas holiday period that would have been of particular interest to London audiences - the December 21st funeral procession of William Terriss, a popular actor just murdered by a jealous rival. The film was supplied by Haydon & Urry, Ltd (the only company known to have filmed the funeral).

December: Royal Agricultural Hall, London (World's Fair): Randall’s show was inspected by officials from London County Council: “On inspection of the cinematograph in Williams’ Show this day it is found that the arc light is employed (as proposed) and that the film is rewound automatically upon another bobbin. The operator with an assistant manipulates the cinematograph in a corrugated iron enclosure at the back of the auditorium. A notice prohibiting smoking on the part of the audience is exhibited in the Show, compliance with which is insisted upon by Williams’ at the demonstration. Only two of the proposed regulations now remain uncomplied with, viz: - that the bobbin be covered and that the shutter should work automatically. A fireman is on duty at this and Chittock’s Show.” (On inspection of Cinematograph in Williams’ Show at the World’s Fair, 30 Dec 1897. London County Council, Chemical & Gas Department to the Theatres & Music Halls Committee, Agricultural Hall, Islington. Presented papers of the Theatres and Music Hall Committee relating to the Royal Agricultural Hall 1880-1899 (LCC/MIN/10,886) On file at London Metropolitan Archives, 40 Northampton Road, London)
1898

January: London: World’s Fair: "Randall William's cinematograph show contains views of a snowballing match, and of the funeral of the late William Terriss, in which many faces well known in the theatrical profession may be recognised. There is also a representation of a young lady taking a bath. The usual Jubilee procession concludes the entertainment." (Era, 29 Jan 1898) [The Terriss funeral was filmed Dec 21]

January: Manchester: Randall attended an emergency meeting of the Van Dwellers Association at the Free Trade Hall in Manchester, where he was elected one of the Vice Presidents (Era, 22 Jan 22, 1898)

 February: London: Annual meeting of the United Kingdom Showmen and Van-Dwellers’ Protection Association (Stage, 3 Feb 1898) 

 February: King’s Lynn: “The picturesque, old-fashioned town of King’s Lynn is en fête this week, for the fair is there, with that leading and popular showman, Mr. Randall Williams, as the centre of it, with his cinematographe. The animated pictures are some of the best ever shown, including sea waves in all their fury, a wrestling match, grand march past of the Royal Blues, an express train coming into a local station, bathing at Blackpool, the Queen’s Jubilee procession, and a number of other interesting subjects. It is a fine show that the energetic Mr. Williams provides for his patrons, who are not slow in “coming up” when so desired.”  (Stage, 17 Feb 1898, p 18) 

 April: Norwich Tombland Fair (Easter) (The Picture House in East Anglia, p11)

April: Wanstead Flats Fair: Easter Sunday: Meeting of the Van Dweller`s Protection Society: “There was a large muster of showmen, presided over by Randall Williams, who had the support of Messrs. Bibby (the council`s delegate), H. Bailey, W. Storey, J. Ball, A. Ball, Sidney Milliss, H. Powell, Coxswain Terry, Mons. Le Neve, W. Brookes, W. Wright, W. H. Davies, J. Hill, and Mr. Watson Wright, the Society`s solicitor. The vexed question of the proposed Surrey bye-laws was the main topic of the meeting. Mr. Randall Williams introduced the subject in a few well chosen words . . .” (Era, 16 April 1898, p19)

May: Boston May Fair: “Randall Williams living pictures” (Boston Guardian & Lincolnshire Independent, 7 May 1898)

 May: Newark: (Stage, 19 May 1898, p 2) 

May: Yorkshire Fairs: (Era, 21 May 21, 1898)

June: Castleford (Era, 4 June 4, 1898)

 June: Normanton, Yorkshire (Era, 4 June 4, 1898)

June: York Gala: “Randall Williams exhibition” (Era, 25 June 1898)

July: Glasgow: “Wanted to Sell. Stage wagon . . . Apply, Randall Williams, Greens Barracks, Glasgow.” (Stage, 7 July 1898, p 18) 

August: Manningham, Bradford: Shocking Shooting Affair at Bradford. Late last night a shooting affair occurred at the Manningham Feast, Bradford. A number of boys were in the living picture show of Randolph (sic) Williams, showman, Manchester, when one picked up a loaded revolver which the proprietor had laid down and pointed it Edward Joseph McNorgan and fired, the charge hitting this boy in the mouth. Sawyer who fired the shot, ran off with the revolver, leaving McNorgan lying senseless on the floor. Dr. Mercer attended the injured lad, who is seriously hurt, and whose recovery is doubtful“ (the revolver was filled with blanks and was used for sound effects in an American war film) (Guardian, 2 Aug 1898)

August: Hunslet town moor: “Randall Williams with his Cinémato-life pictorial theatre” (Stage, 13 Aug 1898) 

August: Brighouse Feast (Era, 20 Aug 1898)

September: Great Horton, Bradford (Stage, 1 Sept 1898) 

September: Pudsey (Era, 3 Sept 1898)

September: Armley Feast, Leeds (Era, 10 Sept 1898)

 September: Holbeck Feast: “Randall Williams’s No. 1 Show the Magnet Cinematograph” (Era, 17 Sept 1898)

September: Morley Feast: “Randall Williams’s No. 2 concern” (Era, 24 Sept 1898)

 October: Leeds (Era, 1 Oct 1898)

October: Woodhouse Feast and Woodhouse Carr Feast (Era, 8 Oct 1898)

October: Nottingham Goose Fair (Journals of Sydney Race, p 86)

October: Hull Fair:  "Randall Williams, New Improved American Bioscope, which is far better than the old cinematograph” (Hull Daily Mail, 10 Oct 1898, p 2)

October: Randall's last show was at Great Grimsby, Lincolnshire, where he exhibited at the Freeman Street Market.

November:  Randall died of typhoid fever on November 14, 1898, while exhibiting at Grimsby. His funeral took place at Weaste Cemetery in Salford on November 18. 

Death of Showman Williams: Mr Randall Williams, who is well-known as a purveyor of fair attractions, and whose establishment was only recently in the Freeman-street Market, died on Monday at Grimsby.  Mr. Williams was the proprietor of several of the most prominent shows at the recent Hull Fair, and has had a long and successful career as a showman.” (Grimsby Daily Telegraph, 16 Nov 1898) Details provided by North East Lincolnshire Council Library Service, Grimsby Reference and Local History Library, Town Hall Square, Grimsby, North East Lincolnshire.

Weaste Cemetery



The site of Randall's grave at Weaste Cemetery, Salford.  Unfortunately, the gravestone has disappeared. Caroline Williams Monte is also buried here.

Photo kindly provided by Peter Kilvert, Secretary, The Friends of Salford Cemeteries Trust. See: Buried at Weaste Cemetery - Randall Kay Williams (1846-1898)




1899

Randall died without making a will, but on January 17, 1899, his two daughters, Annie (married to Reuben Williams) and Caroline (married to Dick Monte) met in London to sign an Agreement to divide up his assets. It was agreed that Annie would take ownership of the caravan and other effects (Randall's No. 2 show) at Pendlebury (see The Williams Showmen) and that Caroline would take ownership of the caravan and other effects (the main bioscope) at the Royal Agricultural Hall in London (see The Monte Williams Showmen).

Acknowledgements

The late Carrie Monte Tindale of Abbotsford, B.C. (daughter of Carrie and Dick Monte). My mom was extremely proud of her family's fairground roots. These pages are for her and for all the other Monte and Williams descendents who want to know more about their showmen ancestors.

My cousin, the late Dick Monte of Huddersfield. Dick spent countless hours digging through the records and piecing together the family history. These pages wouldn't exist if it hadn't been for Dick.

Randall Williams of Chellaston (grandson of Annie Randford and Randall Williams) - my mom's cousin and still (and forever) my best find. Thank you for all your help with the research and for passing on the stories told to you by your Grandma Annie.

The late Peter Williams (grandson of Annie and Randall Williams) and his daugther Karen who began the original research in the early 1980s. Karen wrote some of the first articles on Randall.

Helen Walmsley (of the Williams/Cornwell line) who provided lots of vital details and photos.  

My cousin Ann Cadman of Poole (daughter of John Monte).

My cousin James Monte of Washington, Tyne & Wear (son of James Monte).

Wendy Monte - who researched a lot of the articles published about the family and who acted as a go between me and my Uncle Bob

James Towers Williams (son of Fanny Towers and Rufus Williams)


Related Pages

"Wanted, a Few Useful People for the Ghost Business"

Randall Williams Exhibits (ghost show farces and films)

The Williams Family Showmen (of Warrington)

The Monte Williams Showmen 

"The Fake Randall Williams"

Haydon and Urry Ltd

Fairground Ancestors Home

Randall Williams, Monte Brothers, Haydon & Urry References


External Links

Who's Who of Victorian Cinema: Randall Williams

Weaste Cemetery Heritage Trail: Biography: Randall Kay Williams

National Fairground Archive: Bioscope Presenters: Randall Williams


Copyright Pauline Gashinski, July 1, 2005, Revised November 20, 2011. Updated December 5, 2013. Contact Travellers UK