Dr. J. Glenn Friesen

 Christian Nondualism


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Neo-Calvinism and Christian Theosophy

A Christian worldview, the idea of sphere sovereignty, opposition to the autonomy of thought, a Free University, our supratemporal selfhood–these and other key ideas of neo-Calvinism all find their source in the Christian theosophy of Franz von Baader. This book traces the history of these ideas from Baader to Chantepie de la Saussaye to Gunning to Kuyper and to Dooyeweerd.

Available at Amazon and other bookstores.

I have also been helped by the French Benedictine monk Henri Le Saux (Abhishiktananda).

Abhishiktananda (Henri Le
                      Saux): Christian Nondualism and Hindu Advaita

Abhishiktananda (Henri Le Saux) was a French Benedictine monk who went to India to establish an Indian Christian monasticism. He and Jules Monchanin founded the ashram Shantivanam.

Abhishiktananda tried to emulate the advaitic (nondual) experience of the Hindu sage Ramana Maharshi. As a result, many of his Christian beliefs were changed. This book explores his nondual experience and its interpretation.

What does nonduality mean for our perception, our thinking, our ethics, our experience of reality, and our relation to God?

Available at Amazon and other bookstores.

And Abhishitkananda was in turn influenced by the Hindu sage Ramana Maharshi.

Ramana Maharshi: Interpretations of his

Ramana Maharshi's story of enlightenment is much more complex than his devotees have assumed.

Ramana's own interpretation of his experience was influenced by non-traditional Hindu ideas of living liberation (Jivanmukti), and Western ideas such as Blavatsky's theosophy and even Christian sources.

Ramana's early disciple Ganapati Muni and Ramana's biographers Frank H. Humphreys, B.V. Narasimha Iyer and Paul Brunton all contributed to these influences. Brunton admitted he used Ramana as a "peg" for his own previous ideas.

What does this mean for our understanding of Ramana Maharshi and his Teachings?

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You will also find articles on my website on the psychologist C.G. Jung and on the Christian theosophist Franz von Baader. For a list of all articles, click here.

All of these ideas interrelate. Abhishiktananda relies on Jung, but he was also influenced by the Hindu sage Ramana Maharshi. Ramana's writings were also known to (and criticized) by Jung.  Jung read Baader, and criticized him, too. But there are also similarities, although it is evident that Dooyeweerd's neo-Calvinism is a much more faithful continuation and elaboration of Baader's Christian theosophy. Jung and Baader were both deeply influenced by Western mystical traditions. But Baader provides a more accurate interpretation of western mystics like Meister Eckhart and Jacob Boehme. Indeed, Baader is responsible for transmitting the ideas of Eckhart and Boehme to later philosophers like Hegel and Schelling, although he did not agree with the way that these philosophers then intepreted these mystics.

Because of their interrelationships, the ideas of these gurus, philosophers and psychologist are much more complex than has been appreciated by many who claim to be their followers or devotees. I have attempted to go behind the popular understanding of these people in order to discover the historical sources and original meaning of their ideas. So be prepared to have many of your current views overturned.

No philosopher exists without a history of his or her own. I have therefore included some stories of my life and background. I think that you will find them interesting. An online interview of myself can be found on the website innerexplorations.com.

I hope you will explore these ideas with me. May you find them a blessing in your life.

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Site updated Jan1/16