© J. Glenn Friesen 2003-2006
Glossary of Terms
(references to De Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee, unless
indicated. See concordance
for correlation with pages in the New Critique. The concordance
is in pdf format.)
||NC I, 31 ft. 1;
NC II, 183, 184 (rigid, closed structure), 190, 245 (rigid group-tradition
in primitive culture), 485 (phenomenology seeks a rigid eidos),
558 rigid-static (contrasted to plastic motive of dimension of human
experience). 581 (rigid system of conceptual forms)
II, 484, 490
NC II, 338 (internal rigidiy in the Idea of the mathesis universalis)
WdW II, 129 (starre primaire gestalte; daarentegen verdiepte
gestalte), 207 (verstarring), 270 (verstarring)
The rigid is the static, in
contrast to the dynamic. Dooyeweerd opposes
a rigid view of either eternity or of temporal
reality. In particular, Dooyeweerd does not take a rigid atomistic view
of temporal reality (II, 490). Instead, Dooyeweerd sees temporal reality
as dynamic (I, 79). Temporal reality is dynamic in the inter-relatedness
of its temporal aspects, and in its relatedness to its
Dooyeweerd rejects the idea of supratemporality and
eternity as being rigid, static and unchanging.
This is a Greek view of eternity. Dooyeweerd says,
This, however, is not to say that the religious centre
of human existence is found in a rigid and static immobility. That is
a metaphysical-Greek idea of supra-temporality (NC I, 31 fn.).
We cannot ascribe even to God any such Greek-metaphysical
sense of supratemporality (NC I, 106).
But Dooyeweerd also uses 'rigid' in another sense: to
refer to the primary, closedform of the law-sphere–the coherence
of the modal nucleus and its retrocipations (NC II, 181). For example,
In the psychical law-sphere the modal meaning-structure
of feeling still manifests itself in the primary, rigid form in animals.[…]
But an animal's subjective psychical feeling remains in a closed state
with regard to the meaning of the normative law-spheres. It is not susceptible
of aniticipation in the axiologtical sense othe word; it is not capable
of a deepening of meaning under the direction of normative funcitons
of consicousness (NC II, 183-84)
These aspects cease to be rigid (starre) when
opened up or deepened (verdiepte). (WdW II, 129). Dooyeweerd
also says this elsewhere:
In other words, the retrocipatory direction of time
offers to theoretical thinking, at least provisionally, some resting-points
in the original meaning-nuclei. It is true that these resting-points
are again done away with by the transcendental direction of time without
which they would become rigid and meaningless. […] The only reserve
to be made is that the pont of comparative rest in this way offered
to philosophic reflection on the possibility of the modal meaning-opening
is only a provisional resting-point. In the transcendental direction
of thought it must necessarily be resolved into the essential unrest
of meaning. (NC II, 190).
Baader wrote about the difference between static and
dynamic in "Über Starres und Fliessendes." Philosophische
Schriften, 113. Baader refers to the relation between continuity
and discontinuity of time. This is also the relation between the rigid
of the fixed reality and the flowing reality. The fixed shows continuity
but no penetrating [eindringende] power.
The flowing shows a penetrating power,but no continuity. Both the fixed
and the flowing must be raised up [synthesized, sublated] in a third.
This third is neither fixed nor flowing, but it is that which alone gives
existence to the fixed and flowing. ("Über Starres und Fliessendes,"
Begründung p. 13-15).
We can compare this to Dooyeweerd's view of enstasis
as an experience of the continuity of cosmic
time. Theory, which breaks this continuity apart by dis-stasis,
has a penetrating power.
An example of a totally fixed view of reality is that
of Parmenides (Eleatic philosophy), who declared all becoming and change
to be a sensory phenomenon that does not correspond to true Being. For
Parmenides, the real origin of this Being is theoretical thought: "for
thinking and being is one and the same." (NC III, 5).
Revised Aug 21/06