© J. Glenn Friesen 2003-2006
Glossary of Terms
(references to De Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee, unless
for correlation with pages in the New Critique. The concordance
is in pdf format.)
||NC II, 552, 560, 489 fn1 (different levels of the a
|levels of apriori meaning
II, 422, 482, 491
NC II, 552, 560-61
The horizon of the full
actual reality overarches every modal horizon (NC II, 551).
The horizon of our human experience has several dimensions
or levels: the religious,the temporal, the modal,
and the dimension of individuality structures. The religious
level is the supratemporal level of our
selfhood. From there we descend
to the temporal level. It includes the modal
level. And the temporal and modal levels together encompass the fourth
level, that of individuality structures.
These dimensions give our experience a perspectival nature:
All human experience remains bound to a perspective
horizon in which the transcendent light of eternity must force its way
through time. In this horizon we become aware of the transcendent fullness
of the meaning of this life only in the light of the Divine revelation
refracted through the prism of time, (NC II, 561).
But our experience is not limited to the temporal functions
But if our experience were limited to our temporal
functions of consciousness, or rather to an abstractum taken from our
temporal complex of experiential functions, as is taught by the critical
and the positivistic epistemologies, it would be impossible to have
true knowledge of God, or of ourselves, or of the cosmos. (NC II, 561).
Thus, although Dooyeweerd may rejects an "analogy
of being," or a "chain of being," there are still levels
of reality. Dooyeweerd’s sees human existence
as ek-sistere. But temporal reality has an even lesser degree of reality
than our self, since temporal reality has no existence apart from our
selfhood, its root
(NC I, 100; II, 53).
Furthermore, the states of affairs uncovered by theoretical
thought have a lesser degree of reality than what we experience in naive
experience. They are not ontical, but only intentional.
If we restrict ourselves to the temporal, we do not experience
things as they really are. Dooyeweerd warns us that when we lose sight
of the supratemporal we fail to even view the temporal properly, and our
own self-consciousness is weakened.
Naarmate het transcendente-besef van den mensch verzwakt,
verzwakt ook zijn zelf-bewustzijn en zijn vermogen de perspectivische
structuur van de tijd te ervaren. ("Het Tijdsprobleem in de Wijsbegeerte
der Wetsidee" Part II , 1940 Philosophia Reformata, 209).
[To the degree that man's understanding of the transcendent
is weakened, so also is weakened his self-consciousness and his ability
to experience the perspectival structure of time].
The Idea that temporal reality possesses a lower level
of reality is also evident in Baader.
He refers to cosmic time as appearance time
[Scheinzeit], in contrast to the real time in which the Self exists.
Revised Aug 21/06