Welcome to the home page of Everett Fee

Editor-in-Chief, Limnology & Oceanography


Personal information

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Brief Biography

I was born in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho (USA), in 1945 and grew up in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Between 1972 and 1997 I worked as a research scientist at the Freshwater Institute in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Most of this time I studied Canadian Shield lakes in Northwestern Ontario: From 1972 to 1980 I worked on the Experimental Lakes Area project (ELA, 50 km SE of Kenora, ON), an internationally renowned ecological research centre. Between 1985 and 1995 I was the senior scientist on the Northwest Ontario Lake Size Series project (NOLSS, near Red Lake, ON). Within Canada, I also worked briefly in Inuvik (Mackenzie Delta lakes, Tuk Peninsula lakes) and Yellowknife (Great Slave Lake). Internationally, I studied Lake Tanganyika (Burundi and Tanzania), Lake Victoria (Uganda), Lake Nyasa/Malawi (Malawi), and have lectured (in Spanish) in Spain, Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and Mexico.

When I'm not at work, I prefer to be outside: cross-country skiing, rock or ice climbing, bicycling, rollerskiing, bird watching, or taking pictures.

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B.S. Iowa State University, 1967. Dual major: Zoology and Botany; minor: Mathematics

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1972. Thesis: A numerical model for the estimation of integral primary production and its application to Lake Michigan. Thesis supervisor: Clifford Mortimer.

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Research Interests

Limnology (aquatic ecology), photosynthesis by phytoplankton and periphyton, natural variability of aquatic ecosystems, ecological effects of global change.

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Research Experience

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Teaching experience

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NOLSS information

NOLSS logo

The Northwest Ontario Lake Size Series (NOLSS) consists of six pristine lakes located in the remote Red Lake District of Northwest Ontario (100 km north of Kenora, ON). These lakes are only accessible by air and there are no permanent residents in their drainage basins. They were chosen for their geological, hydrological, meteorological, and morphological similarity: Canadian Shield geology, water renewal times longer than 5 years, cold continental climate, and deep enough to fully stratify in the summer. Together, they form an exponential series in surface area (from 89 to 34,700 hectares; illustrated in the NOLSS logo, above). Inherently associated with this size range are important physical gradients--wave energy, mixing depth, and water temperature--to which biological communities must adapt. The goal of NOLSS is to quantify such gradients and determine their biological effects so that results obtained from any particular lake can be rigorously applied lakes of other sizes in the region.

NOLSS fills the conspicuous gap that separates two well-studied groups of lakes in Northwest Ontario: the Experimental Lakes Area (ELA), where whole-lake manipulation experiments and long term monitoring of small lakes (<60 hectares) have been ongoing since 1968 (check out the ELA home page for details), and the Laurentian Great Lakes, huge waterbodies (>400,000 ha) of international importance whose chronic problems were the reason why ELA was founded and continues to flourish. For a list of NOLSS publications, jump to the Publications section of this page.

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1996. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Lifetime Achievement Award Committee.

1996. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Grant Selection Committee.

1993. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Hutchinson Award Committee.

1992. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Challenges for Limnology Committee.

1990--91. International Joint Commission. Information and Data Needs Task Force.

1987--1990. Asociacion Espanola de Limnologia. Editorial Board.

1984--85. International Joint Commission. Ecological Considerations Committee.

1974--75. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Editorial Board.

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Lake 123 climbing

Everett and Lucille climbing Beaver Toe at ELA Lake 123.

I learned to climb on Northwest Ontario's superb granite crags. Some of my more memorable climbing escapades in this Canadian Shield wilderness are described in the Alpine Club of Canada's Rock Climbing Guide to Northwest Ontario/Southeast Manitoba (see especially the Experimental Lakes Area section).

The first time I saw a mountain was in 1977, when Doug, Tibor, and I barely survived our attempt to climb Mt Victoria; our mini-epic was the springboard that launched me into a life of climbing (my climbing autobiography gives the gory details).

Here is a list of some high points that I've visited (number of trips/ascents in square brackets):

Some Trip Reports (in reverse chronological order):

Rock Climbing: Ice Climbing: Canadian mountaineering: International mountaineering: Back to the Contents


XC skiing Skate skiing

One of the main reasons why Lucille and I chose to live in Canmore is because we love to cross-country ski, both on groomed surfaces (pictures above) and in the backcountry (picture below). The Canmore Nordic Centre, the site of XC ski events for the 1988 Olympic Games, is only a 10 minute drive from our front door; and there are innumerable backcountry skiing areas very close to Canmore (Kananaskis Country, and Banff, Kootenay, Jasper, Yoho, and Glacier National Parks). Memorable backcountry trips that we have done in this area are (the number of times that we've done the trip are in square brackets): Dolomite Peak circuit[5], Skoki Lodge[3], Paradise Valley, Sunshine to Assiniboine (out via Bryant Creek), Lake Ohara to Moraine Lake via Opabin and Wenkchemna Passes, Mystic Lake Warden Cabin via 40 mile Creek, Assiniboine Pass via Bryant Creek, Nigel Pass[2], Castleguard Meadows[3], Tonquin Valley[2], Columbia Icefields[4], Lake Ohara fire road[3], and a 5 day traverse of Glacier National Park (Near Purity Pass-Bishop Glacier-Mt Wheeler-Deville Glacier-Glacier Circle-Illecillewaet Glacier).

XC skiing at Lake Louise

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Miscellaneous trip reports

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