Text by Jonathan Hanna
Taken from CPR News, January 2001 by Jonathan Hanna
Canadian Pacific Railway's first steam locomotives, five 3000 series, F2a-class, Jubilee-type locomotives with a 4-4-4 wheel arrangement were also the most steamlined engines the company owned. Streamlining was popular on railways in the mid-1930s when a similar wave swept the architectural world and the automotive industry. Streamlining concealed as much of the piping and protrusions as possible, to give a more aerodynamic look. Most of CPR's streamlined locomotives are in fact semi-streamlined, with equipment and walkways still exposed.
CPR's Jubilee-type semistreamlined locomotives were built in 1936 by Montreal Locomotive Works (MLW). The first Jubilee, No. 3000, was unveiled, July 27, 1936, at a ceremony with CPR chairman and president E.W. Beatty; MLW president W.C. Dickerson; and Montreal mayor Camillien Houde.
The class of locomotive was dubbed Jubilee in honor of the 50th anniversary of CPR transcontinental service. The design was based on CPR's earlier, fast, Atlantic-type, 4-4-2 locomotives. Equipped with 80 inch driving wheels, and featuring high-pressure nickel-steel boilers and extensive use of highstrength alloys, the Jubilees were the fastest on the CPR. A brake test train, pulled by locomotive 3003, set a Canadian rail speed record on Sept. 18 which stood for almost 40 years. Locomotive No. 3003 pulling mail/express car 3603, baggage/buffet 3053, and coaches 2105 and 2107, from Smiths Falls, Ont., to Montreal, applied full emergency brakes at Mile 38 of the Winchester Subdivision, after the train was clocked at 181 km/h ( 112.5 mph).
Not until a test run of Alcan-Dofasco-MLW's LRC train onCPR's Adirondack Subdivision, in March 1976, was that record broken.
Soon after the second F2a locomotive - 3001 - rolled out of MLW's shops in Montreal, it toured western Canada pulling a four-car lightweight exhibition train. The train, touting a modern, lightweight, fast and comfortable passenger service crossed Canada on the main line all the way to Vancouver, returning through the Kettle Valley and Kootenay regions of southern B.C.
The locomotive and its corresponding fleet of smooth-sided, curved, arch-roofed, lightweight passenger cars was CPR's entry into the contemporary art deco streamlined era.
After its promotional tour, 3001 was assigned to the crack passenger train, the Chinook, between Calgary and Edmonton. Locomotive 3001 was unique, in that it carried plates bearing its name on both sides of its smokebox.
F2a Jubilee locomotives 3000 and 3002 were assigned to passenger service between Toronto and Windsor, Ont., and locomotives 3003 and 3004 were put into service between Montreal and Quebec City. All five F2a Jubilees kept their respective assignments until they were withdrawn from service 20 years later and scrapped between 1957 and 1958.
CPR ordered 20 more Jubileelocomotives; this time from Kingston, Ontario's Canadian LocomotiveCompany. Theseclass Fla Jubilee locomotives, numbered 2910 to 2929, were less streamlined and had smaller (75inch) driving wheels than the F2a Jubilees.
The 20 Fla locomotives were delivered between November 1937 and March 1938.
All but two were scrapped. Locomotive 2928 is preserved in the Canadian Railway Museum in St-Constant, Que., and 2929 is part of Steamtown National Historic Site's collection in Scranton, Pa.
|Numbers||CP3000-CP3004 (Class F2a, 1936)|
|Number of locos built in this class||5|
|Builders||Montreal Locomotive Works|
|Type||Jubilee Type 4-4-4|
|Tractive Force||##,### kg. (n/a lbs.)|
|Cylinder size||##x## cm (17 1/4 x28 inch)|
|Driving Wheel diameter||### cm (80 in.)|
|Total Weight||###,###-###-### kg (461,500 lbs.)|
|Extreme length (Including tender)||n/a|
Steamtown National Historic Site's collection in Scranton, Pa.
On display at the Canadian Railroad Historical Association Museum in Delson, Quebec