The Military Cross can be awarded to
commissioned officers of the substantive rank of Captain
or below (therefore acting and temporary Majors are
eligible) or Warrant officers for distinguished and
meritorious services in battle. In 1920, the terms were
altered to clearly state the award was for gallant and
distinguished services in action and that the naval and
air force officers could be awarded the cross for gallant
and distinguished services on the ground.
A plain silver cross, 1.75 inches across.
On each arm of the cross is an Imperial
Crown and in the centre of the cross is the Imperial and
Royal Cypher of the reigning sovereign (GV, GVI, or EIIR).
The reverse is plain with the year of the
award engraved on the lower arm.
The ring welded to the top of the cross
is joined to the plain straight suspender ring by a small
ring (3 rings).
A watered white ribbon (1.375 inches
wide), with a central purple stripe (0.5 inches wide).
The Military Cross was established on 28
During WWI there had been Military Crosses awarded
without citations. These being Gazetted as, "New
Year award; No citation." and also "Awarded on
the occasion of His Majesty's Birthday; No
citation". These awards were for accumulative good
works by the officers conferred.