TIMELINE OF THE CARTER/ARTIS CASE

1937

May 6 -- Rubin Carter born.

1951

Carter charged with assault and robbery after stealing $55 and a wristwatch from a man who was struck over the head with a bottle. The victim’s injury required four sutures. Sentenced to the State Home for Boys (Jamesburg).

1952

Carter paroled.

1953

Parole revoked -- goes back to Jamesburg.

1954

Escapes from the State Home for Boys and joins the Army.

1956

May 29 -- Carter separated from the Army with the designation: "Unfitness." He was convicted in four courts-martial. Picked up by police and made to finish juvenile sentence.

1957
Released from prison, one month later, assaults three people, sentenced to 3 to 9 years.
1961

September -- Carter released from prison, begins his boxing career.

1964

Jan.16 -- Hackensack, charged with disorderly conduct.

July 2 -- Carter in bar fight.

Oct. 2 -- Warrant issued for Carter’s arrest over July bar fight.

Oct. 24 -- Charged by owner of Kit Kat over earlier bar fight.

Oct. 24 -- Saturday Evening Post article with infamous quote about "shooting cops." Carter later blames his troubles with the police on this quote.

Dec 14 -- Joey Giardello Philadelphia, Pa L 15 (For World Middleweight Title)

1965

March 7 -- "Bloody Sunday" in Selma

Apr. 24 -- Carter arrested for disorderly conduct.

Apr 30 -- Johnny Torres, Paterson KO 8 3-2-0

May 20 -- Dick Tiger, New York L 10 3-3-0

Aug 11-14 -- Watts Riots

Aug 26 -- Luis Rodriguez, L.A. L 10

1966

June 16 -- Leroy Holloway is murdered at the Waltz Inn. Holloway is the stepfather of Eddie Rawls, a friend of Carter's.

June 17 Lafayette Grill Murders

Aug 6 -- Juan (Rocky) Rivero, Rosario L 10 7-7-1 ("Four months later/ the ghettoes are in flames/ Rubin's in South America/fighting for his name')

October -- Al Bello identifies Carter as one of the Lafayette Grill killers.

Carter and Artis are arrested.

1967

May 27 -- An all white jury convicts Carter and Artis. They are sentenced in June.

1969
July 15 -- the New Jersey Supreme Court unanimously upholds Carter and Artis conviction. (Click here for pdf newspaper article)

1974

The New York Times publishes an article by Selwyn Raab in which Bello and Bradley recant their testimony.

Carter's autobiography, The Sixteenth Round, is published.

1975

Bob Dylan hosts "Night of the Hurricane" concert

1976

March 17 -- convictions overturned

April 28 -- Carter allegedly beats his supporter Carolyn Kelley

The Hawkins report concludes that Carter and Artis were involved in the Lafayette Grill murders.

Nov-Dec second trial

Dec. 22 Artis and Carter re-convicted

1979

Lesra Martin goes to live with the Canadians.

1980
Lesra finds a used copy of Carter's autobiography at a book sale, he and the Canadians read it and become interested in Carter's story.

1981

John Artis paroled.

1982

Patricia Valentine files a lawsuit claiming the lyrics to Bob Dylan's song "Hurricane" implied that she was part of a conspiracy to convict Carter. A Federal court doesn't agree that the song libels her and the case is thrown out of court.

Carter's lawyers receive the "Caruso file," a collection of notes from an investigator who worked briefly on the case before the second trial.

1983
Carter's lawyers apply for a new trial, motion is denied.

1985

After Carter's lawyers take the case to a Federal court, Judge Lee Sarokin overturns Carter and Artis' convictions.

1986
John Artis busted on drug charges. Prosecutors say he was part of a distribution ring that courier'd drugs from New York to Paterson.

1988

Feb. 26 -- the state of New Jersey decides to not hold a third trial and drops the charges against Carter and Artis.

1991

Lazarus and the Hurricane published -- the Canadians' version of the story.

1994
After several years of an off-again, on-again relationship, Carter stops speaking to the Canadians.

1999

The Hurricane movie is released. Cal Deal and relatives of the victims of the Lafayette Bar shootings protest against the portrayal of Carter in the movie.

2000
Hurricane: the Miraculous Journey, published

2002

Carter settles out of court with his ex wife Mae Thelma, who sued him for some financial support.

Note: this is a partial timeline and does not include Carter's complete boxing record or the dates of all of the appeals of his convictions.


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